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WHY KRISHNA IS SUPREME GOD?

WHY KRISHNA IS SUPREME GOD?


WHY KRISHNA IS SUPREME GOD? We have been reading about Lord Shri Krishna, who He is and why He is considered by great authorities as God, the supreme Absolute Truth. There are many explanations given by various spiritual personalities as to what are the possible qualities that God would possess and how Krishna possesses all such qualities in full.

WHY KRISHNA IS SUPREME GOD? One such explanation is given by Shri Parashara Muni, a great Vedic authority and the father of Shri Vyasadeva, the compiler of all the Vedic literatures. Shri Parashara says that Bhagavan or God should be “all-attractive”. Let us try to understand the factors that would make someone “all-attractive”, or to say the least, attractive.

ACCEPTED BY GREAT AUTHORITIES


INTRODUCTION

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (1486-1534) is Lord Krishna Himself, who appeared in the form of His own devotee. He appeared in Navadvipa, West Bengal, and inaugurated the congregational chanting of the Holy names of the Lord to teach pure love of God by means of sankirtana.

Lord Chaitanya uses the word ‘jagadisha’ to glorify Krishna. Jagat means universe and isha means Lord. Whether we are Hindu, Muslim or Christian or whatever, we must acknowledge that there is a supreme controller of this universe. Our Supreme Father is Jagadisha, or Lord of the entire universe. Only Lord Jagadisha is in control; everyone else is controlled. Superiority of Krishna cannot be measured but can be accepted through the proof of the original Vedic scriptures (the Vedas and Upanishads), which are given directly by the Supreme Lord. There are many things we have to accept solely on grounds of superior authority. One has to accept the existence of his father, based upon the authority of his mother. There is no better source of understanding the identity of father than the mother herself.

The great personalities in the past have accepted Krishna as to be the Supreme Lord and have concluded that there is no one superior to Him. One should accept it as supported by Vyasa, Devala, Asita, Narada and later by the acharyas Ramanujacharya, Madhvacharya, Nimbarka and Vishnu Svami and still later by the greatest Acharya, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Let us learn what these great personalities have to say about Lord Krishna.

SUTA GOSWAMI

Suta Goswami, the great sage who related the discourse between Parikshit Maharaja and Shukadeva Gosvami, which forms the basis of the Shrimad-Bhagavatam states

esha vai bhagavan sakshad adyo narayanah puman
mohayan mayaya lokam gudhash carati vrishnishu

“Shri Krishna is no other than the inconceivable, original Personality of Godhead. He is the first Narayana, the supreme enjoyer.” (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 1.9.18)

UDDHAVA

Uddhava was A learned disciple of Brihaspati and confidential friend of Lord Krishna in Dvaraka; In Krishna’s Mathura and Dvaraka lila, Uddhava is Krishna’s best friend. He visited the residents of Vrindavana to console them in their grief due to Krishna’s absence. In the Eleventh Canto of Shrimad-Bhagavatam, Krishna imparts the most important transcendental knowledge to Uddhava. He declares:

svayam tv asamyatishayas tryadhishah
svarajya-lakshmy-apta-samasta-kamah
balim haradbhish cira-loka-palaih
kirita-koty-edita-pada-pithah

“Lord Shri Krishna is the Lord of all kinds of threes and is independently supreme by achievement of all kinds of fortune. He is worshiped by the eternal maintainers of the creation, who offer Him the paraphernalia of worship by touching their millions of helmets to His feet.” (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 3.2.21)

MAITREYA MUNI

Maitreya Muni is the great sage who spoke the Shrimad-Bhagavatam to Vidura. He gave advice to the Pandavas during their exile in the forest.

He concludes:
tad ahur aksharam brahma sarva-karana-karanam

In many faiths Godhead refers to several divine beings possessing qualities of being God. The term “Supreme Personality of Godhead” refers to Lord Krishna or any of His incarnations who are accepted by great spiritual authorities as being superior to all such Godheads. Shri Krishna, is therefore said to be the original cause of all causes. (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 3.11.42)

FOUR KUMARAS

The four Kumaras are the four sons of Brahma, named Sanat, Sanandana, Sanaka and Sanatana, who are incarnations of the jnana-shakti (power of knowledge) of Lord Vishnu. They live for the entire duration of universal time, but appear as children of only 5 years. They are the original founders of the Kumara Sampradaya – one of the four Vaishnava sampradayas.

They proclaim:

tam tvam vidama bhagavan param atma-tattvam
sattvena samprati ratim racayantam esham
yat te ‘nutapa-viditair dridha-bhakti-yogair
udgranthayo hridi vidur munayo viragah

“We know that You are the Supreme Absolute Truth, the Personality of Godhead, who manifests His transcendental form in the uncontaminated mode of pure goodness.” (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 3.15.47)

THE DEMIGODS

The Demigods are jivas or ordinary living entities whom the Supreme Personality of Godhead empowers to represent Him in the management of the universe. The first of the demigods is Brahma. Indra is the demigod of rain, Surya of the sunshine, Chandra of the moonshine, and Varuna of water. There are thirty-three million demigods in all. They live in the upper regions of the universe called svarga, or heaven. The Sanskrit equivalent of the word demigod is deva or devata.

They declare:
satya-vratam satya-param tri-satyam
satyasya yonim nihitam ca satye
satyasya satyam rita-satya-netram
satyatmakam tvam sharanam prapannah

“Being present in the three phases of cosmic manifestation – creation, maintenance and annihilation – You are the Supreme Truth. You are the active principle, the real truth, in all the ingredients of creation, and therefore you are known as antaryami, the inner force. You are the beginning of all truth.” (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 10.2.26)

SAGES AT KURUKSHETRA

Chief among the sages at Kurukshetra were Krishna-dvaipayana Vyasa, the great sage Narada, Cyavana, Devala, Asita, Vishvamitra, Shatananda, Bharadvaja, Gautama, Lord Parashurama (along with his disciples), Vasishtha, Galava, Bhrigu, Pulastya, Kashyapa, Atri, Markandeya, Brihaspati, Dvita, Trita, Ekata, the four Kumara sons of Brahma (Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanatana and Sanat-kumara), Angira, Agastya, Yajnavalkya and Vamadeva.

They declare, “Dear Lord, we are surprised to see Your behavior, which is just like that of an ordinary human being and which conceals Your real identity as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Our dear Lord, You are the creator of the social orders and spiritual statuses of human society according to quality and work. You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the Supreme Brahman, the Supreme Soul.” Brahman is the impersonal, all-pervasive aspect of the Supreme. In the Chandogya Upanishad 3.14, Brahman is described as tajjalan, as that (tat) from which the world arises (ja), into which it returns (la), and by which is is supported and lives (an). (Chapter 84, Sacrificial Ceremonies Performed by Vasudeva, KRISHNA)

SHRIMATI KUNTI MAHARANI

Shrimati Kunti is the mother of the Pandavas and Lord Krishna’s aunt in the Mahabharata. She was the daughter of Shurasena and the sister of Vasudeva. She was adopted by King Kuntibhoja and later married King Pandu. Her other name is Pritha.

In her prayers to Lord Krishna, she says
namasye purusham tvadyam
ishvaram prakriteh param
alakshyam sarva-bhutanam
antar bahir avasthitam

“You are the original personality and are unaffected by the qualities of the material world. You are existing both within and without everything.” (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 1.8.18)

UTTARA

Uttara was the daughter of King Virata and the wife of Abhimanyu. Virata first wanted Arjuna to marry his daughter, but Arjuna declined and said that his son, Abhimanyu, should marry her. Uttara became the mother of King Parikshit.

She prays to Lord Krishna,
pahi pahi maha-yogin
deva-deva jagat-pate
nanyam tvad abhayam
pashye yatra mrityuh parasparam

“O Lord of lords, Lord of the universe! You are the greatest of mystics. Please protect me, for there is no one else who can save me from the clutches of death in this world of duality.” (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 1.8.9)

PRAHLADA MAHARAJ

Prahlada Maharaja is a great devotee of Lord Krishna who was persecuted by his atheistic father, Hiranyakashipu, but was always protected by the Lord and ultimately saved by the Lord in the form of Narasimhadeva. Prahlada is one of the foremost authorities on bhakti-yoga. Many important verses in Shrimad-Bhagavatam are spoken by him. He is one of the leading authorities on bhakti-yoga.

He states emphatically

yatha hi purusasyeha
visnoh padopasarpanam
yad esa sarva-bhutanam
priya atmeshvarah suhrt

The human form of life affords one a chance to return home, back to Godhead. Therefore every living entity, especially in the human form of life, must engage in devotional service to the lotus feet of Lord Vishnu. This devotional service is natural because Lord Vishnu, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, is the most beloved, the master of the soul, and the well-wisher of all other living beings. (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 7.6.2)

ARJUNA

Arjuna, the great archer and intimate friend of Lord Krishna, acknowledges Krishna’s supremacy in the Bhagavad-gita.

arjuna uvaca
param brahma param dhama
pavitram paramam bhavan
purusam shashvatam divyam
adi-devam ajam vibhum

ahus tvam risiayah sarve
devarsir naradas tatha
asito devalo vyasah
svayam caiva bravisi me

Arjuna said: You are the Supreme Brahman, the ultimate, the supreme abode and purifier, the Absolute Truth and the eternal divine person. You are the primal God, transcendental and original, and You are the unborn and all-pervading beauty. All the great sages such as Narada, Asita, Devala and Vyasa proclaim this truth of You, and now You Yourself are declaring it to me. (Bhagavad-gita 10.12-13)

DHRUVA MAHARAJ

Dhruva Maharaja is a great devotee who at the age of five performed severe austerities and realized the Supreme Personality of Godhead. He received an entire planet, the Pole Star.

The young devotee Dhruva Maharaja asserts

“My dear Lord, You are all-powerful. You are the supreme one and Lord Brahma is fully surrendered unto You. I can understand that You are the same Supreme Godhead. I therefore offer my respectful obeisances unto You.” (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 4.9)

KING YUDHISTHIRA

YudhistiraKing Yudhisthira is The eldest of the Pandavas in the Mahabharata, and the son of Dharmaraja or Yamaraja, the god of death. It was the dispute over his succession to the throne in India that led to the Battle of Kurukshetra; he ruled the earth after the Kurukshetra war.

He discloses why he wants to perform the Rajasuya sacrifice

“I want to perform this Rajasuya sacrifice and invite the demigods to show that they have no power independent of You – that they are all Your servants and You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead.” (Chapter 72, The Liberation of King Jarasandha, Krishna)

KING KULASHEKARA

Kulashekhara was a great devotee-king and the author of Mukunda-mala stotra, prayers to Lord Krishna. In his prayers he describes,

cintayami harim eva santatam
manda-hasa-muditananambujam
nanda-gopa-tanayam parat param
naradadi-muni-vrinda-vanditam

“I always think of Lord Hari, who is the Supreme Lord, who removes all inauspiciousness and steals the hearts of His devotees and whose joyful lotus face bears a gentle smile. Although He is the son of the cowherd Nanda, He is also the Supreme Absolute Truth worshiped by great sages like Narada.” (Verse 7, Mukunda-mala stotra)

DOMINION OVER DEMIGODS


INTRODUCTION

Demigods are jivas or ordinary living entities whom the Supreme Personality of Godhead empowers to represent Him in the management of the universe. The first of the demigods is Brahma. Indra is the demigod of rain, Surya of the sunshine, Chandra of the moonshine, and Varuna of water. There are thirty-three million demigods in all. They live in the upper regions of the universe called svarga, or heaven. The Sanskrit equivalent of the word demigod is deva or devata.

According to Vedic conception, there are thirty-three crores of Demigods like Indra, Chandra, Varuna, and many others. John Walters in his book ‘World Religion’ has made a sarcastic comment that Hindu religion has high God to man ratio. One God for every three men. There is a misconception about the Hindu religion among people who profess other religions, such as Christians and Muslims, who say that in the Hindu religion there are many Gods. Actually that is not a fact. God is one, but there are many other powerful living entities who are in charge of different departments of administration. They are called demigods. All the demigods are servants who carry out the orders of the Supreme Lord, the Personality of Godhead. One must offer proper respects to all the demigods. If one can offer respects even to an ant, why not to the demigods? One must always know, however, that no demigod is equal to or above the Supreme Lord.

Ekale isvara krishna, ara saba bhritya: (Chaitanya-caritamrita Adi 5.142) “Only Krishna is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and all others, including the demigods such as Lord Lord Shiva, Lord Brahma, goddess Durga and Ganesha are His servants.” All demigods accept the supremacy of Lord Krishna. Listed are a few such examples.

LORD SHIVA

Lord Shiva is a partial incarnation of Lord Krishna and he is in charge of the mode of ignorance or tamo-guna amongst the three modes of material nature. He takes charge of destroying the universe at the time of annihilation. He is also considered the greatest Vaishnava, or devotee, of Lord Krishna. He is confused by some with the Supreme Lord.

Lord Shiva while instructing the sons of King Pracinabarhi about the Absolute Truth prays:

namas ta ashisam isha
manave karanatmane
namo dharmaya brhate
krsnayakuntha-medhase
purusaya puranaya
sankhya-yogeshvaraya ca

My dear Lord, You are the topmost of all bestowers of all benediction, the oldest and supreme enjoyer amongst all enjoyers. You are the master of all the worlds’ metaphysical philosophy, for You are the supreme cause of all causes, Lord Krishna. You are the greatest of all religious principles, the supreme mind, and You have a brain which is never checked by any condition. Therefore I repeatedly offer my obeisances unto You. (Shrimad Bhagavatam 4.24.42)

Lord Shiva, out of great mercy, further instructs

yah param ramhasah saksat
tri-gunai jiva-samjnitat
bhagavantam vasudevam
prapannah sa priyo hi me

Any person who is surrendered to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krishna, the controller of everything—material nature as well as the living entity—is actually very dear to me. (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 4.24.28)

LORD BRAHMA

Lord Brahma is the first created living being and secondary creator of the material universe. Directed by Lord Vishnu, he creates all life forms in the universes. He also rules the mode of passion.

Once Lord Brahma wanted to examine the potency of Krishna, he took away all the calves and cowherd boys and kept them in a secluded place. When one full year had passed, Brahma returned and saw that Krishna was still engaged as usual with His friends and the calves and cows. Then Krishna exhibited all the calves and cowherd boys as four-armed forms of Narayana. Brahma could then understand Krishna’s potency, and he was astonished by the pastimes of Krishna, his worshipable Lord. Krishna, however, bestowed His causeless mercy upon Brahma and released him from illusion. At that time Lord Brahma began to offer prayers to glorify the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

pasyesa me nayam ananta adye
paratmani tvayy api mayi-mayini
maya vitatyeksitum atma-vaibhava
hy aha kiyan aiccham ivarcir agnau

My Lord, just see my uncivilized impudence! To test Your power I tried to extend my illusory potency to cover You, the unlimited and primeval Supersoul, who bewilder even the masters of illusion. What am I compared to You? I am just like a small spark in the presence of a great fire. (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.14.11)

Also In the Brahma-samhita prayers Lord Brahma states

isvarah paramah krsnah
sac-cid-ananda-vigrahah
anadir adir govindah
sarva-karana-karanam

Krishna who is known as Govinda is the Supreme Godhead. He has an eternal blissful spiritual body. He is the origin of all. He has no other origin and He is the prime cause of all causes. (Brahma-samhita 5.2)

LORD INDRA

Lord Indra is the chief demigod of heaven and presiding deity of rain, and the father of Arjuna. He is the son of Aditi.

Once Lord Indra was overcome by anger when the residents of Vraja cancelled his sacrifice. He tried to punish them by sending forth a devastating rainfall to Vrindavana, and Lord Sri Krishna protected Gokula by lifting Govardhana Hill and for seven days using it as an umbrella to ward off the rain. Ashamed of having attacked Vrindavana with a violent storm, Indra secretly came before Lord Krishna, offered obeisances and praised Him.

pita gurus tvam jagatam adhisho
duratyayah kala upatta-dandah
hitaya ceccha-tanubhih samihase
manam vidhunvan jagad-isha-maninam

You are the father and spiritual master of this entire universe, and also its supreme controller. You are insurmountable time, imposing punishment upon the sinful for their own benefit. Indeed, in Your various incarnations, selected by Your own free will, You act decisively to remove the false pride of those who presume themselves masters of this world. (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.27.6)

namas tubhyam bhagavate
purusaya mahatmane
vasudevaya krsnaya
satvatam pataye namah

Obeisances unto You, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the great Soul, who are all-pervading and who reside in the hearts of all. My obeisances unto You, Krishna, the chief of the Yadu dynasty. (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.27.10)

YAMARAJA

Yamaraja is the demigod of death, who passes judgment on non-devotees at the time of death. He is the son of the sun-god and the brother of the sacred river Yamuna.

Yamaraja instructs his messengers, the yamadutas as follows

yama uvaca
paro mad-anyo jagatas tasthusash ca
otam protam patavad yatra vishvam
yad-amshato ‘sya sthiti-janma-nasha
nasy otavad yasya vashe ca lokah

“My dear servants, you have accepted me as the Supreme, but factually I am not. Above me, and above all the other demigods, including Indra and Chandra, is the one supreme master and controller. The partial manifestations of His personality are Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, who are in charge of the creation, maintenance and annihilation of this universe. He is like the two threads that form the length and breadth of a woven cloth. The entire world is controlled by Him just as a bull is controlled by a rope in its nose.” (Srimad-Bhagavatam 6.3.12)

aham mahendro nirrtih pracetah
somo ‘gnir ishah pavano virincih
aditya-vishve vasavo ‘tha sadhya
marud-gana rudra-ganah sasiddhah

anye ca ye vishva-srjo ‘maresha
bhrgv-adayo ‘sprsta-rajas-tamaskah
yasyehitam na viduh sprsta-mayah
sattva-pradhana api kim tato ‘nye

I, Yamaraja; Indra, the King of heaven; Nirrti; Varuna; Chandra, the moon-god; Agni; Lord Shiva; Pavana; Lord Brahma; Surya, the sun-god; Vishvasu; the eight Vasus; the Sadhyas; the Maruts; the Rudras; the Siddhas; and Maraci and the other great rishis engaged in maintaining the departmental affairs of the universe, as well as the best of the demigods headed by Brhaspati, and the great sages headed by Bhrgu are all certainly freed from the influence of the two base material modes of nature, namely passion and ignorance. Nevertheless, although we are in the mode of goodness, we cannot understand the activities of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. What, then, is to be said of others, who, under illusion, merely speculate to know God? (Srimad-Bhagavatam 6.3.14-15)

LORD GANESHA

Lord Ganesha is the demigod in charge of material opulence and freedom from misfortune. He is the son of Lord Shiva and Parvati, and is the scribe who wrote down the Mahabharata. He has an elephant head.

In the Brahma samhita, it is stated

yat-pada-pallava-yugam vinidhaya kumbha-
dvandve pranama-samaye sa ganadhirajah
vighnan vihantum alam asya jagat-trayasya
govindam adi-purusam tam aham bhajami

I adore the primeval Lord Govinda, whose lotus feet are always held by Ganesha upon the pair of tumuli protruding from his elephant head in order to obtain power for his function of destroying all the obstacles on the path of progress of the three worlds. (Brahma-samhita 5.50)

LORD VARUNA

Lord  Varuna is the demigod in charge of the oceans.

Once the king of the cowherds, Nanda Maharaja, observed the prescribed fast on the eleventh day of the lunar month and then considered how to break his fast properly on the twelfth day. By circumstance only a few more minutes remained, and so he decided to take his bath at the very end of the night, although astrologically that was an inauspicious time. Thus he entered the water of the Yamuna. A servant of Varuna, the demigod of the ocean, noticed Nanda Maharaja entering the water at a time forbidden by scripture and took him away to the demigod’s abode. In the early morning the cowherd men unsuccessfully searched for Nanda, but Lord Krishna immediately understood the situation and went to see Varuna. Varuna worshiped Krishna with great and variegated festivity. Afterwards he begged the Lord to forgive his servant for having foolishly arrested the king of the cowherds.

shri-varuna uvaca
adya me nibhrto deho
‘dyaivartho ‘dhigatah prabho
tvat-pada-bhajo bhagavann
avapuh param adhvanah

Shri Varuna said: Now my body has fulfilled its function. Indeed, now the goal of my life is achieved, O Lord. Those who accept Your lotus feet, O Personality of Godhead, can transcend the path of material existence. -(Shrimad Bhagavatam 10.28.5)

namas tubhyam bhagavate
brahmane paramatmane
na yatra shruyate maya
loka-srsti-vikalpana

My obeisances unto You, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the Absolute Truth, the Supreme Soul, within whom there is no trace of the illusory energy, which orchestrates the creation of this world. (Shrimad Bhagavatam 10.28.6)

GODDESS LAKSHMI

Lakshmidevi is the goddess of fortune and the eternal consort of the Supreme Lord as Lord Narayana, who resides in the unlimited spiritual realm of Vaikuntha.

In the Brahma Samhita, it is mentioned,

cintamani-prakara-sadmasu kalpa-vrksa-
laksavrtesu surabhir abhipalayantam
laksmi-sahasra-shata-sambhrama-sevyamanam
govindam adi-purusam tam aham bhajami

I worship Govinda, the primeval Lord, the first progenitor who is tending the cows, yielding all desire, in abodes built with spiritual gems, surrounded by millions of purpose trees, always served with great reverence and affection by hundreds of thousands of lakshmis or gopis. (Brahma-samhita 5.29)

ALL THE DEMIGODS

When the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Krishna entered the womb of Devaki to kill Kamsa, all the demigods understood that the Lord was living within Devaki’s womb, and therefore in veneration they offered Him the Garbha-stuti prayers.

matsyashva-kacchapa-nrsimha-varaha
hamsa-rajanya-vipra-vibudhesu krtavatarah
tvam pasi nas tri-bhuvanam ca yathadhunesha
bharam bhuvo hara yaduttama vandanam te

O supreme controller, Your Lordship previously accepted incarnations as a fish, a horse, a tortoise, Narasimhadeva, a boar, a swan, Lord Ramacandra, Parashurama and, among the demigods, Vamanadeva, to protect the entire world by Your mercy. Now please protect us again by Your mercy by diminishing the disturbances in this world. O Krishna, best of the Yadus, we respectfully offer our obeisances unto You. (Shrimad Bhagavatam 10.2.40)